Sunday, June 28, 2020

The Politics At Citibank Business Essay - Free Essay Example

Its the ability to effectively understand others at work and to use such knowledge to influence others to act in ways that enhance ones personal and/or organizational objectives. (Ferris, 2005, p.127). Functional Role of Politics in Organizations There is not much positive about politics. Energy, which is wasted, can be utilized in forms that are more constructive and brings nothing but damage to the organization although it may serve individual stakes. Highly pervasive politics may end up halting organizational functions: Just like legitimate influences in organizations can be used to serve illegitimate ends, politics which itself is illegitimate in nature can be used to make corrections and for fruitful ends (Robbins Judge, 2004). In political competition, weak players are often eliminated and cannot survive thus demonstrating which people possess the most need for power in organizations. Unlike the system of authority, which promotes a single point of v iew up the hierarchy, politics allows several voices to be heard. Thus, the various voices must marshal arguments and support strategic candidates, which show organizations interest. Works as an invisible underhand to promote change because the system of authority concentrates power in the hands of a few people. Political Organizations: One conceptualization of such diversity is Brunssons ideal type of political organization in which actors hold a diversity of conceptions about what the organization is, its purpose, what are considered to be good organizational outcomes and how such outcomes should be reached. Brunsson argues that such organizations exhibit the characteristics of hypocrisy in that diversity in norms carries with it the need for managerial inconsistency between talk, action and decisions (Daft, 2001). CitiBank An Introduction Citibank is a major international bank, founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York, later First National City Bank of New Yor k. Citibank is now the consumer-banking arm of financial services giant Citigroup, one of the largest companies in the world. As of March 2007, it is the largest bank in the United States by holdings. Citibank has operations in more than 100 countries and territories around the world. More than half of its 1,400 offices are in the United States, mostly in the New York City, Chicago, Miami, and Washington, D.C. metropolitan areas, as well as in California. In addition to the standard banking transactions, Citibank offers insurance, credit card and investment products. Their online services division is among the most successful in the field, claiming about 15 million users. Because of the global financial crisis and huge losses in the value of its subprime mortgage assets, Citibank was rescued by the U.S. government under plans agreed for Citigroup. On November 23, 2008, in addition to initial aid of $25 billion, a further $25 billion was invested in the corporation together wit h guarantees for risky assets amounting to $306 billion. Organizational Hierarchy Organizational Politics at CitiBank Politics is present in every organization and at all levels of the hierarchy. To say that a particular firm or company is totally exclusive of politics and power would be ignorant of us. Our study and research was based on Organizational power and politics about Citibankand how employers and employees at all levels deal with such a situation. Though senior and middle level employees at Citibank Karachi stated that there is no organizational politics of any sort in Citibank on record but they were also of the view that politics are in every organization and you have to deal with it to stay and move ahead in the corporate world. Since the bank has various branches all over the country, therefore each branch is allocated with a Branch Manager who looks after and manages the day-to-day proceedings of his particular branch. Under the Branch Manager are employe es who represent the sales team and the operations. Since the operations department is more based on technical expertise, therefore employees are less academically skilled than those representing other departments of the bank are. Most of the promotions in operations department are through seniority and skill as their work is only excelled with time. Sales department on the other hand has to deal with their performance and cover up set targets of deposits or products such as insurance. Though their promotions are totally based on their performance but politics, can and do play an important role in their organizational activity. As the sales team is the main money attracters of the bank, therefore they can enjoy power. Citibank has a team structure under every branch. The employees of these teams are tightly knit and have close bonds with each other. Although this cohesiveness increases the productivity of the team and makes, it easier for the branch manager to solve problems and train employees but it can also result in some problems. Myopic Organizational View Firstly, the teams start to consider their own goals as more important than the company or organizational goals. At times teams of particularly successful branches turn out to be so aggressive in their nature that they start competing with other teams in a negative way. This includes stealing employees from other branches and hiding important information or learning skills that could be useful to other branches of the same Bank. Employees take part in such activities to improve their own branch condition and stay ahead at the expense of other teams. As the branch position improves, they are more likely to be admired and appreciated by senior level officials and have a better chance of promotion for not only their branch manager but also themselves. Such cutthroat and aggressive competition should be discouraged and managers should promote an environment of positive learning and ethical responsi bilities. Inter-Departmental Dimensions Secondly, politics is also visible among different departments of an organization. An example is that of the operations department and sales department not getting along with each other. Team cohesiveness results in members of different teams taking sides of their friends rather than telling and supporting the truth. This may result in blame games with employees getting down to dirty politics. All these activities are mainly handled by the Branch manager responsible but they may refer to senior officials if things get out of control. In order to make sure that such sort of politics is eliminated, managers should make sure that they act in an unbiased manner rather than favoring their favorite employees. In addition, they should encourage employees and team members to support the truth rather than group members. Serious punishments or warnings should be given to those who indulge in blaming activities or hindrance of flow of informatio n among departments while a culture should be promoted where job rotation which makes sure that team member do not indulge in groupthink. Inter-Team Another form of organizational politics is within team members of a particular department. I will give an example of sales representatives. Often is the case that team members have such strong competition among themselves and the stress to deliver results and cover targets is so high that they indulge in politics within the group. This occurs when employees steal each others clients rather than helping them out or blame employees for actions they have not done in order to be in the good books of the Boss. In addition, employees can manipulate group members who are not assertive enough to do work and take credit for their successes while blaming them for losses they did not incur. This type of politics forgets every form of moral or ethical laws and managers need to make sure that they give more weight age to the effort put in by e very employee rather than getting results and performing through evil means. Gender-Based Lastly, one of the most widely found forms of organizational politics is based on gender. Usually female employees complain of organizations being a prey to the glass ceiling affect with little promotions as compared to men. Fortunately, that is not the case with Citibank with female employees being given equal opportunities as compared to men and a couple of female employees are present at senior regional or national level positions. Political Activities The following are the types of political activities that are in prevalent in any organization: Attacking and blaming Forming coalitions Cultivating networks Creating obligations Controlling information Managing impressions Citibank is an organization with an organic corporate culture as far as the guidance is concerned but when it comes to rules and standardization, this organization becomes a bit mechanistic, the resources for every department are allocated from the head office, which ensures the gate keeping of all the information about the strategies made there. That is why the employees who are put on probation or warnings can indulge in this type of political activity for the purpose of external attribution and face saving. Yet the friendly environment at the operational level of management acts as the counter to this problem. Citibank has a very subtle way to deal with this sort of an activity, they are free to take the guidelines from the executives as and when the need arises.. The number of the employees in each category is very less to form an effective coalition and the employees at the same stature are put into a rigorous competition against each other to prevent any dangerous coalitions. This tactic is used by the executives of the bank to maintain their power. The information system used by the Citi bank is very protective and the critical information is encrypted id m any ways by the executives. This provides the executives with the referent power i.e. everybody looks to them for the guidelines. This political behavior is proving to be useful for the bank as more and more people are getting accustomed to this hoarding of power by executives on need to know basis. It is the case with the different departments of the bank. All information is shared on a need to know basis. This sis the fundamental problem faced by the employees of Citibank. All of them complained that the resources are not properly distributed. This problem leads to the feeling of inequity and may perhaps lead to backstabbing behaviors. It needs to be communicated to the people working in the lower rank of management because they are like the engine of the bank. If they are dissatisfied and if the political games that are unhealthy ignited merely because of communication lapse, this is a huge setback. Moreover, this is now a common stereotypical perception over there. We, the stude nts, who may their future employees also, have this thing in mind. Now this is very difficult for the top management to change the perception. Whatever happens with the distribution, perceptions are long lasting. They have tried to use this tactic by giving a set of rules. This is height of red-tape culture in this era of empowerment. They call these books as Bible or Gospel. To our amazement, even the branch managers bible had dust all over it. This signals that this technique has largely failed. If, in this era of authorization, you try to dictate rules through a thick book that no one bothers to read, how will these policies be implemented? This in our view is a myopic view of introducing clear rules. Survey Conclusions derived The survey was taken of 44 people, which crosses the barrier of 30 for the application of t-distribution. The questions were not direct and blunt. This was just because we wanted to get exact responses. Since politics is tabooed in our society , we have tried to retrieve accurate responses. Research Methodology Through secondary research, questions were developed that highlight the view of future graduates towards power, politics and persuasion in organization. A detailed proposal was given to the course instructor that highlighted the aforementioned questionnaire. Systematic random sampling was used to identify samples. The questionnaires results were analyzed through the utility software of spreadsheet i.e. Microsoft Excel Perception of Politics Through secondary research, we had found that it is not actually politics but rather the perception of politics that determines the behavior of persons. If people agree that politics is bad and it harms the person, organization or the society, this may be due to their values, past experience or the knowledge that they possess. This graph testifies the assumption that politics is tabooed in our culture and the region in which we reside, politics is viewed as something negative. When we go over the content material of our book, we find an interesting fact regarding the need to study organizational behavior: Conclusions and Recommendations Organizational politics is mostly a consequence of conflict; therefore, whenever conflict arises efforts should be made for full resolution of the conflict because it is mostly the case that an organization, which is deeply engulfed in conflict, is unable to free itself from it, thus ultimately leading to its demise and death. Citi Bank is far from such a case, political activity is largely discouraged, however subtle forms of organizational politics do exist. The following recommendations might therefore be helpful in dealing with the situation of politics in the organization CitiBank has a no fire policy. Political activity is promoted inside the bank when employee or manager, which is not performing well, is not leaving the job. Subordinates in this case may feel dissatisfied and try to u se forms of political activity such as the Young Turks Game to try to overthrow his managerial position. Although the policy may offer several advantages, it is better to change the policy as keeping incompetent people in the workforce is bound to generate some form of political activity as well as increased dissatisfaction towards the manager. More flexibility should be provided to the employees in their tasks. Mr Arsalan Siddiqui Bank Manager at Citi Bank referred to the rulebook as the Bible which shows how strictly banks rules and procedures are followed. Although it is good thing to refrain political activity as everyone acts according to a standardized set of rules, however it may also encourage political activity. A right balance should be ensured. Employees nowadays want to feel more involved and contribute to the overall working of the organization. Employees input can also be valuable in correction inefficiencies in various procedures. When employees are actively involv ed, they are also more satisfied. Satisfied employees are less likely to engage in political activity. We learnt from our interview with the Bank Manager, Branch Banking that the distribution of resources is not uniform among departments and is decided by the top management. Thus, it may give rise to political activity and efforts to form alliances to gain greater resources. Departments should have a greater say, as they are more aware about the needs and requirements of their departments rather than top managers who are more disconnected. If departments feel that, they are being provided with, less resources than are actually needed, political activity such as cultivating networks to gain a greater share may develop. In addition, personal enmity may develop among departments, which is not suitable for the bank. There is lack of task significance for lower level employees. Employees at very low level are not involved in any step of the planning or decision-making. Thus, they m ay feel that their work is not contributing in any way. Much of their data is collected and analyzed by people at the middle management level. By job enlargement and giving, them added responsibility for analysis of data which is simply put in, greater association may develop with the bank and also performance will increase. Employee satisfaction is a way to ensure that political activity is reduced. Thus, there is a need to build affective rather than continuance commitment for lower level of employees.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Function Of Shakespeare s Hamlet - 1735 Words

Travis Hedgepeth Kimberly Joyner Hon. English IV 11 December, 2015 Function of the soliloquies in Hamlet The soliloquy is a tool that helps reflect the inner thought of characters throughout the story, they bring out the thought process which could not be said in a normal conversation . This speech to the audience can be in the presence of other characters in the story plot but since it is one’s inner thought , they can not hear it. Shakespeare uses this method to advance his plot in almost every play he ever written. The soliloquies function to advance the plot ,reflect inner thought and create the atmosphere of the play. The soliloquy was a technique used by playwrights to give insight to what†¦show more content†¦The depression that hamlet had been holding in his heart had been replaced with his unconstrained lust for revenge. In his sporadic chain of events he seems dazed and confused saying thing more than once, trying to process what just went on. â€Å"This is duplicative, contains much tautology, and is fr agmented and confused. To reveal his state of shock he uses rhetorical questions, short phrases, dashes, and exclamations, and jumps from subject to subject.† (Hamlet’s seven soliloquies) Hamlet in his second soliloquy hamlet not only tells us how he feels about the news,he also tells us what he is going to do about it . This sets up the purpose of the rest of the play. The atmosphere he provides is Revenge. He damns his uncle for his actions. †Ã¢â‚¬ When he says, †now to my word†¦I have sworn it† , he is letting the audience know that he will avenge his father’s death therefore creating anticipation as the audience wonders how he will achieve his retribution.†Ã¢â‚¬ (St. Rosemary Educational institution) Through the first two soliloquies provides Hamlet’s reaction to the remarriage of his mother and the discovery of his father’s murderer. The previous two soliloquies were more of an introduction into the story and to get the wheels turning for plot and atmosphere. Coming into the third installment, Hamlet is depressed at his lack of action against his treacherous uncle. â€Å"here he

Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Social Medi The Truth - 832 Words

Social Media -- The Truth Social Media is a hotly debated topic in modern times. On one side, people say that it can help spread information quickly, or help catch criminals, but on the other, people often claim that they can be dangerous and that they lack privacy. The truth of the matter is, Social Networks should be banned, especially for children. Social Media destroys the basic human ability to interact with others. This is supported by the quote, â€Å"Communication is constantly evolving. Some people are as used to seeing their friends’ online avatar as they are their face,† said Yazino founder Hussein Chahine in The Telegraph. This shows how addicted people have become to Social Networking sites like Facebook and Twitter. This is†¦show more content†¦Future generations, this one included, will only spend more and more time on sites like these. Some people would say that Social Media helps catch and prosecute criminals, but the few times in which this does happen is heavily outweighed by the amount of privacy of which they lack, and the fact that they often expose users to government and corporate intrusions. A 2012 survey found that 13 million Facebook users said that they had not set or known about the site’s privacy settings, and another 28% shared all, or nearly all, of their posts publicly. Facebook is infamous for its lack of security, how it forces users to stay on and use their site and secretly tracks them. They often make privacy settings hard to find. Most, if not all, of their users would rather keep their info private, but Facebook and other Social Networking sites often make that a hard thing to do. Another report declared that the US Justice Department intercepted 1,661 pieces of information from social networking sites and emails in 2011. With many social media sites being money-focused, they often se ll their user’s information to shady organizations. These sites expose their users too much and too often. This is further supported by the fact that the 2009 IRS training manual teaches agents to scan Facebook pages for information that might assist in resolving a taxpayer case. Organizations such as this one now even promote social media ‘stalking’. It s immensely difficult to stay and feel safe on

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Various Emerging Literary Genres During the 1900s Essay

Henry James (1843-1916) was a psychological realist rather than a photographic realist who was of the view that the duty of the artist is to represent life, not to produce it. His best works include The American, Roderick Hudson, The Portrait of a Lady, The Tragic Muse, The Spoils of Poynton, The Wings of the Dove, The Ambassadors and The Golden Bowl. Robert Shulman says that â€Å"the first-generation realists and their successors did justice to the surfaces of American life through the conventions of presentational realism—plausibly, rendered speech, recognizable settings and recognizable characters facing everyday problems all open to the interpretation of a middle-class, predominantly feminine audience. American realists also penetrated†¦show more content†¦Generally, modernists were driven by the belief that the assurances once provided by religion, politics, or society no longer sufficed. This belief intensified after World War I, when it seemed to many that hi story itself was coming to an end. The modern life was horrific, chaotic and ultimately futile. The modernist period also saw a radical experimentation in literary form and expression. American modernism seemed to be of two kinds. One was cosmopolitan, created by expatriate writers such as Ezra Pound, Hilda Doolittle, Stein and T.S. Eliot. These writers sought to internationalize literature, by making powerful connections between their work and a broad range of past literature. The other group was non-expatriate American modernists such as Stevens, Williams, Marianne Moore, and F. Scott Fitzgerald. William Faulkner and Ernest Hemingway developed a modernist literature that was connected to American traditions. American modernism is an artistic and cultural movement in the United States starting at the turn of the twentieth century with its core period between World War I and World War II and continuing into the twenty first century. Modernism, then, changed during the thirties, with the depression, the New Deal reforms etc. that followed the stock market crash of 1929. The fictions written in the thirties are called proletarian literature. It was an outgrowth of naturalism. It laid its emphasis on theShow MoreRelatedDid the Impact of the Beatles Sgt Pepper Album Help Redefine Popular Music as a Culturally Significant Art Form?4164 Words   |  17 Pagesmusic as a culturally significant art form? Summary of Assignment Choose an artist from the period 1900-1970 and to examine their relationship to the cultural and social framework of their era with reference to an important or influential album. Introduction In this essay I will be critically analysing and evaluating ‘The Beatles’ Sgt. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Domestic Violence And Mental Injuries - 1399 Words

Quetext about FAQ contact Domestic violence does not just result in physical injuries but also developmental issues in children that witness the abuse and never receive any type of counseling or therapy and psychological trauma. In the most severe cases death was also a result of domestic violence. With help or assistance the results of domestic violence can last a lifetime. People often think that domestic violence is just physical abuse but that is not always the case. In many of the most severe cases psychological abuse and emotional abuse was just as extreme as the cases that displayed physical violence. Emotional and psychological abuse is just as violent and dangerous to the victim as is any physical abuse is to any†¦show more content†¦As a survivor of domestic violence, they are still at risk for several mental health issues. These mental health issues include, but are not limited to, anxiety, depression, and PTSD. There are not a lot of studies on the impact of domestic violence, but (Symes, Maddoux, McFarlane, Nava, Gilroy, 2014) states, Emerging evidence suggests an intergenerational effect of abuse to the mother on behavioural functioning of the child (p. 2910). There are lasting consequences for children who witness domestic violence whether it’s visibly or audibly. Seeing your mother, father, or guardian being abused has a huge impact on their lives as adults. Some see domestic violence as a cycle. Some children get stuck in a cycle and grow up repeating the actions of the perpetrator. These children tend to have elevated levels of aggression, hostility, depression, anger and some just withdraw from those around them. Some children tend to suffer from boughts of anxiety, develop sleep disorders, and start having nightmares. 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Warning People about the Approaching Hurricane Free Essays

Good morning,to all but actually what’s so good about this morning.I have specially aired this to say a few words about Hurricane Irene, urge Americans to take it seriously.I will also brief you’ll about some do’s and don’ts that you’ll have to follow. We will write a custom essay sample on Warning People about the Approaching Hurricane or any similar topic only for you Order Now As you’ll know there were heavy rains and harsh winds smashing in New York and New Jersey and there was a flooding yesterday on Sunday.The hurricane stirred up to 7 foot waves!Therfore I declare that the streets,subways and homes of New York and New Jersey have to get emptied.The people have to move to safe refuge areas, where I insure you’ll there will be protection.I have also spoken to all the governors who will then brief you’ll in detail.The death toll is also raising, there were 46 deaths yesterday. 25 people have died due to topples treeand other hurricane related incidents.Thus, it is my humble request to all of you to not take it lightly and be cautious. We will also keep people posted to keep a watch on the hurricane. According the weather reporters there is going to high tide which will cause flooding Tuesday, so please stay indoors and inform your friends,family members and your close one.Due to this we are also postponing three Major League Soccer games.45 flights have been canceled due to the hurricane. If you are in the projected path of this hurricane, you have to take precautions,be alert now.Don’t wait.Don’t delay.We all hope for the best, but we have to be prepared for the worst.So if you’re in the way of this hurricane, you should be preparing now.I want you’ll to exercise caution by seeing updates on the television and listening to the radio.There are some safety measures that you’ll have to take- Secure your homes with closed storm shutter or even card board would be okay. Avoid using your phones,only if in an emergency. If unable to evacuate stay indoors. Stay in a wind free room Lie down under a table or any other sturdy object. Listen to instructions given by local officials. Know your evacuation routine. Keep a supply kit. Turn off propane tanks. Last but not the least please do not panic,stay calm, patient and cool. If in need call on 911.I am sure you’ll want to be safe.isn’t it? Your town mayors will provide you’ll with water, food and blankets if in need.Each family in each town will be given a given a copy of the emergency route and a paper with all the important number and guidelines. Let all be united, cooperating and brave to overcome this hurdle together,just like last time during Hurricane Katrina. Let not get scared of the hurricane by following all instructions and the safety measures.Lets see all the cities that are getting affected back to their normal.Do what to be safe?If yes, be cooperating as even we are doing our best to keep you,you and you safe. How to cite Warning People about the Approaching Hurricane, Essays

Television Censorship free essay sample

Television has been around from the beginning of time and has been a great impact on households in America. Censorship is defined as the editing of material from a written or visual performance. There are a number of issues that are taboo and have been censored from television performances for years. The censorship of television began in the late 1960’s. Censorship has truly evolved and become more lenient and open on a broader range than when it first began in the the 1960’s. Being that television censorship has a more open range and not as restrictive as it use to be, not only does it affect our nation as a whole and it’s development, we have to think of the effects that it embellishes on the mind development of our youth. A couple of the issues that have been void from American television for decades are as follows: Sex: This is one of the hottest topics to be censored and it’s definitely for good reason, nudity isn’t for main stream television. We will write a custom essay sample on Television Censorship or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Sexuality: This is a very controversial issue and is slowly become more accepting to main stream television and is getting a little more publicity. Examples include The Jerry Springer Show, The Real World and Cheaters. Profanity: This subject has been censored from the beginning but is gradually getting more airplay on television now a days. You can commonly hear â€Å"ass† or â€Å"damn† on many mini series these days and times. Below, I have included a timeline to show how television censorship has evolved throughout the years. †¢1947 Mary Kay and Johnny is TV’s first series to show a married couple who shared a bed. Subsequent sitcoms including I Love Lucy, The Dick Van Dyke Show, and Donna Reed would show married couples in separate beds. 1948 TV’s earliest primetime delivery was on the sitcom Mary Kay and Johnny that starred Mary Kay Stearns and Johnny Stearns who played themselves on the series. In December, 1948 Mary Kay gave birth in reallife to a baby boy named Christopher. Within a month of his birth, the baby was written into the script. †¢1952: Lucille Ball’s pregnancy ca uses problems